Warm greetings @SeasonsOfMeech
I also really appreciate it when spell recipes take the time to include notes about the properties/uses of each ingredient. It is very helpful when coming across a new spell component, or for guidance for beginners!
When making substitutes, it is important to consider which qualities (magickal and/or medicinal) are being used in the spell.
I’ll be looking mostly at the magickal uses of these ingredients- but while they often overlap, in many magickal potions, recipes, and crafts, the magickal and any medicinal properties are often both considered when writing a spell. Studying Green Magick/Herbalism will help you here.
For this spell, we are looking at speed, fast and good luck, good fortune as well as slight aphrodisiac effects. It is in an oil format. It is not for internal use.
Here’s what we have:
Disclaimer: I did not write the Fast Luck Oil Recipe, so the above are just my thoughts after examining the purpose of the spell and the ingredients used
Cinnamon: Can use cinnamon oil or cinnamon chips (pieces of cinnamon).
→ Magickal Uses of Cinnamon: Can be found at Cinnamon Magickal Properties
→ Substitute: Not needed.
Vanilla Bean Absolute: (Note: an absolute is an extract, it is similar to essential oil). The recipe says you can use a Vanilla Bean instead.
→ Magickal Uses of Vanilla: Vanilla is a common ingredient in love spells, it may have love-enhancing and aphrodisiac effects.
→ Substitute: Vanilla Extract. Other aphrodisiac scents and oils.
Wintergreen : Can use wintergreen oil or wintergreen leaves.
→ Magickal Uses of Wintergreen: Ingredient in Tiger Balm- used for soothing, healing, and protection. Also a source of good luck (source)
→ Substitutes: Peppermint (oil, leaves), Basil (oil, leaves)
Hopefully the above can be a helpful template for how to examine spell ingredients and help you make substitutions in the future!
Good luck and blessed casting