Most and most basic evidence of the origin of the mythological symbol of Lilith is found in the Zohar, the Book of Splendor, an old thirteenth-century Jewish cabalistic work. However, with its primordial characteristics, namely the characteristics of the female beautiful demon with long black hair, it exists, even in semen, in Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Persian, Arabic, Teutonic and of course, Jewish mythology.
In Sumeria, around the third millennium BC, it is referred to as Lil, spirit of the air but also a destructive wind. In the Semites of Mesopotamia she is clearly named as Lilith. Later this name will be combined with the Hebrew word Layil (Layil), which means night, and will acquire its most definitive characteristics. She becomes the aforementioned female demon of the night, who enslaves men and women who sleep alone, giving them sex dreams, nocturnal orgasms and tormenting reveries. In Syria, in the eighth century BC. about , Lilith, here called a succubus – a female panda demon, his male is called an incubus – is identified with an infanticide witch by acquiring this characteristic as well.
The basic myth of Lilith, however, begins with writing. In Genesis 1 27 it is stated: And God created man, in the image of God created he him, male and female created he them. As one can easily see, Adam or Man, but also god, are presented here as androgynous. That is why the Kabbalists argue that when the Blessed One created Adam, the first man, He created him androgynous. This creature had two sexes and two faces, one in each direction. Later the blessed one separated Adam into two beings, giving each a back. Lilith, then, is the feminine part of Adam or Adamach, the feminine Hebrew word for earth and soil, and this original creature was made of these materials.
The separation of the androgynous Adam was done in order to give him a companion, because his experience of the instinctive behavior of the animals of Paradise, i.e. the coming together of each one with his mate, made him aware of his loneliness. So, God took away from Adam his female part to be his companion. During this process, and after the separation had taken place, the imperfect in time creature Lilith received the Luciferian, demonic influence of Satan, with the result that the beings subsequently born by Lilith, after her union with Adam, were diabolical-monstrous. In the Zohar Rabbi Simeon always states: “I found written in an old book that this female was none other than the original Lilith who stayed with him and conceived from him”. (Zohar I, 34B)
Then, at some point, Lilith left Adam and fled to the deserts of the Red Sea, where she married the Devil. And then Jehovah created, in the known way, that is from Adam’s side, his second wife, the submissive Eve. “Lilith, to avenge Adam’s human wife, induced Eve to taste the forbidden fruit and capture Cain, brother and murderer of Abel,” notes Borges. God punished her for deceiving the innocent Eve by cutting off the legs of the reptile, whose form she had taken. That is why, according to one version, Lilith has no arms and legs for wrapping and hugging.
After her primordial mythological shape, her form varies. An early version presents her with the body of a tantalizingly beautiful woman from head to waist, but from there on down she is a fiery flame. Another version, the most common, wants her from the waist up to always be a seductive, provocative and irresistible woman and from the waist down a reptile. In the Middle Ages it will be met as Lili or Lilou is no longer a snake but a ghost of the night or a monster or demon “who throws himself on those who sleep alone or walk the deserted streets”.
Her most common variant is that of the woman with the hypnotizing beauty, but whose legs, although shapely, are covered with thick, stiff hair, a peculiarity of which she is particularly ashamed. That is why he never exposes them to public view. But when a man happens to see them, it is already too late for him.
As it turns out, Lilith is essentially the primordial, primordial model of the later vampire, whose tainted death bite travels through the ages. In addition to her blood lust, Lilith also has a sick, unholy habit of invisibly stalking couples who meet during the night, intending to steal sperm from them in order to create new demons. She deeply hates human children and their mothers, because hers are hideous and monstrous, so she tries in every way to interfere with their future or even destroy them.
The Jewish myth of Lilith refers to the ancient Greek myth of the androgynous, and it is also not unrelated to the demon Alin of the Greeks of Cappadocia or to those ancient beliefs that generally consider hermaphroditism as the first form of man. Later Jewish traditions call the Lilin demons of the night, creatures corresponding to the Greek strigla, lamia, mormo, Aello, and other similar dark mythical beings.
Many scholars, writers and poets have been inspired by the legend of Lilith. Beings that curl up in forests and waters Sons that flash, daughters that glow… and other such things have been written… from all of these it is worth mentioning: The Daughter of Lilith (The Daughter of Lilith) by Anatole France (1844-1924) , The soul of Lilith by Maria Corelli (1864-1924) etc.